Norrøn Mytologi

NORRØN MYTOLOGI/ NORSE MYTHOLOGY

For de som er interessert i Norrøn Mytologi anbefaler jeg å ta en titt på arbeidet til Maria Kvilhaug/ Lady of the Labyrinth. Hun gir en unik og enstående innsikt i de Norrøne Mytene!
Hun har både en you tube kanal >> TheOdinMysteries/playlists
og to nettsider >> https://bladehoner.wordpress.com/
>> freya.theladyofthelabyrinth.com


INNHOLD PÅ DENNE SIDEN: 

Voluspa
Historien om Norge/ The early History of Norway 
Odin Freya og Hel
Hel
Tor
Ran og Ægir
Nivlheim
Rivers of Nivlheim
Myrkskog/ Mirkwood
Gallows wood


VOLUSPÁ

(c) Hel PhotoArt

Of old was the age | when Ymir lived;
Sea nor cool waves | nor sand there were;
Earth had not been, | nor heaven above,
But a yawning gap, | and grass nowhere.

Then Bur's sons lifted | the level land,
Midgard the mighty | there they made;
The sun from the south | warmed the stones of earth,
And green was the ground | with growing leeks.

Voluspá


HISTORIEN OM NORGE/ THE EARLY HISTORY OF NORWAY  
(From/ Fra “Fundinn Noregr” and/ og “Hversu Noregr Byggðist”.)

(c) Hel PhotoArt

Lengst i nord, der snø og is og kulde rår, bodde Fornjot, en jotunkonge som hersket over Gotland, Finland og Kvenland. Han hadde tre sønner; en het Hler (Le/ Æge/ Ægir), en annen Logi, en tredje Kåri. Kåri rådde for vinden, Logi for ilden og Hler for sjøen. Kåri var far til Jøkul (også kalt Frost). Jøkul var far til kong Snø den gamle. Kong Snø’s barn var Thorre, Fonn, Driva og Mjøll.

Thorre var en navngjeten konge. Han hadde to sønner, den ene het Nor og den andre Gor. Datteren hans het Goe. En dag ble Goe borte, de to brødrene dro av sted for å lete etter henne. Med ski og skip oppdaget de landet og delte det mellom seg. Nor fikk innlandet og kalte det Norveg, Gor fikk øyene. I mellomtiden hadde Goe slått seg ned på Opplandene sammen med Rolf fra Berg, sønn av jotnen Svade i Dovrefjell.

Nor styrte over dette riket så lenge han levde, og sønnene hans etter ham. Disse delte det mellom seg, men riket tok til å minke da kongene ble flere og delte landet i fylker.
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In the far north, where snow and ice and cold prevails, lived Fornjot, a Jotun King who reigned over Gotland, Finland and Kvenland. He had three sons, one called Hler (Le/ Æge/ Ægir), another Logi, a third Kåri. Kåri ruled the wind, Logi the fire and Hler the sea. Kåri was the father of Jøkul (also called Frost). Jøkul was the father of King Snø (Snow) the Old. King Snø's children were Thorre, Fonn, Driva and Mjøll.

Thorre was a famous king. He had two sons, one named Nor and the other Gor. His daughter was called Goe. One day Goe disappeared and the two brothers went on a travel to look for her. By ski and ships they discovered a country which they divided between them. Nor took the inland and called it Norveg, Gor took the islands. Meanwhile Goe had settled in Opplandene with Rolf from Berg, the son of Svade Jotun from Dovre Mountains.

Nor ruled over this kingdom as long as he lived, and his sons after him. They divided it between them, but the kingdom started to decrease when the kings became multiple and divided the country into provinces


Source/ Kilde: www.heimskringla.no


ODIN, FREYA and HEL

(c) Hel PhotoArt

Odin welcomed the great warriors who have died in battle into his hall, Valhalla. The fallen, the einherjar, are assembled and entertained by Odin so that they in return might support and fight for the gods in the final battle of the end of Earth, Ragnarok. Freya receives half of the fallen warriors in her hall Folkvang. The souls of women warriors, and those strong and beautiful women whom Odin favored, became valkyries. The souls of people who had died from sickness or old age, and the souls of any other people whose deaths had not occurred through battle, went to Hel. When the souls of the dead arrived there, it was she who judged them. It was also she who decided whether their souls were good or evil, and to what degree. Then, after Hel had made had her assessment, she gave each soul its just reward. Depending upon how they had been judged, the souls of the dead were settled into one of the nine levels of Helheim.


HEL

(c) Hel PhotoArt

Deep down, below one of Yggdrasil’s three roots, in the dark and cold Nivlheim, reigns Hel. The dark deep valleys around her kingdom are called Helveiene, and to get there one have to pass the river Gjoll, and also Gjallarbroen, covered with gold. High walls surround her abode, and the gate is called Helgrind. Her hall is called Eljudne. When ghosts were haunting it was said; the gate of Hel is open (hnigin er Helgrind)...
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Dypt nede under Yggdrasils rot, i det mørke og kolde Nivlheim, hersker den fryktelige Hel. De mørke dype daler som er omkring hennes rike, kalles Hel-veiene, og for å komme dit må man over elven Gjoll, og her er Gjallarbroen, som er lagt med gull. Høie gjerder er der omkring hennes bolig, og porten som fører dit inn kalles Helgrind. Hennes sal heter Eljudne. Når gjengangere var på ferde het det; Helgrinden er åpen (hnigin er helgrind); for da kunde de slippe ut..
THOR

(c) Hel PhotoArt

In Norse mythology, Thor is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind, and also healing and fertility. A Scandinavian folk belief that lightning frightens away trolls and jotner appears in numerous Scandinavian folktales, and may be a late reflection of Thor's role in fighting such beings.

RAN AND/ OG ÆGIR

(c) Hel PhotoArt

Ran (Old Norse: Rán) in Norse mythology, is the Goddess of the deep ocean and the wife of the giant Ægir. She captures drowned people with her large net and keep them in her halls on the ocean floor. Ran and Ægir have nine daughters, all named after different types of waves.
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Ran (norrønt: Ran) i norrøn mytologi, er gudinnen av de dype hav og kona til jotnen Ægir. Hun fanger folk som har druknet med sitt store nett og holder dem i sine haller på havbunnen. Ran og Ægir har ni døtre, alle oppkalt etter ulike typer bølger.


NIFLHEIMR

(c) Hel PhotoArt

Niflheimr is one of the norse Nine Worlds and was a realm of ice and cold, with nine frozen rivers. According to Gylfaginning it was one of the two primordial worlds, the other being Muspelheim, the realm of fire. Between these two realms, creation began when the cold of Niflheimr mixed with the heat of Muspelheim and generated a creating mist.


RIVERS OF NIFLHEIMR

(c) Hel PhotoArt

It was many ages before the earth was shaped that the Mist-World was made; and midmost within it lies the well that is called Hvergelmir, from which spring the rivers called Svöl, Gunnthrá, Fjörm, Fimbulthul, Slídr and Hríd, Sylgr and Ylgr, Víd, Leiptr; Gjöll is hard by Hel-gates.


MIRKWOOD/ MYRKSKOG/ MYRKVIÐR

Mirkwood or Myrkviðr (Old Norse) is an ancient name, weighted with legendary associations. It was probably the old Germanic name for the great mountainous forest regions that earlier formed a barrier to the south of the lands of Germanic expansion.


(c) Hel PhotoArt


GALLOWS WOOD/ GÁLGVIÐR

(c) Hel PhotoArt

In Norse mythology, Gálgviðr (Gallows wood) is a forest in Jotunheim, land of the Jötnar, from which the rooster Fjalar is foretold to begin crowing during the onset of Ragnarok. The mountain range of southern Norway is called Jotunheimen.



Sources:
Norsk Folketro- Ørnulf Hodne
Vetter og Skrømt- Ørnulf Hodne
Magiske Steder i Norge- Ørnulf Hodne
Svart Katt over Veien- Ronald Grambo
Wikipedia på nett
Div andre nettsteder